Dream Box – Adding Fractions. Using both a concrete bar model and equations, this tool enables students to represent fraction addition and think strategically about which fractional pieces are best to solve a given problem. Lesson

Dream Box – Subtracting Fractions. Using the “removal” or “take away” representation, this tool helps your students learn to subtract fractions. Lesson

Understand addition and subtraction of fractions as joining and separating parts referring to the same whole.

Decompose a fraction into a sum of fractions with the same denominator in more than one way, recording each decomposition by an equation. Justify decompositions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model.

*Examples: 3/8 = 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 ; 3/8 = 1/8 + 2/8 ; 2 1/8 = 1 + 1 + 1/8 = 8/8 + 8/8 + 1/8*.

Add and subtract mixed numbers with like denominators, e.g., by replacing each mixed number with an equivalent fraction, and/or by using properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction.